Chicorium endiva var. latifolium
80 days. Some of the best gourmet salads include escarole for its snappy flavor, texture and beauty. Blanching (described inside packet) gives it a cream color and mild taste. Broadleaf Batavian is fairly heat-tolerant and is essential in mesclun mixes.
This packet plants ten 10-foot rows.
Days to Emerge:
surface to 1/4"
A group of 6 seeds every 18"
When 2" tall, thin to 1 every 18"
When to sow outside: 4 to 6 weeks before average last frost or as soon as soil can be worked, or 8 to 10 weeks before average fi rst frost. In mild climates (USDA zones 8 or warmer), sow in fall for winter harvest.
When to start inside: 10 to 12 weeks before average last frost; transplant outside 4 to 6 weeks after start inside.
Harvesting: In fall, harvest after first couple of light frosts; flavor is actually improved with light frost. When plants are 14" to 16" across, entire head can be cut off at base. In spring, harvest before temperatures get above 90ų F. Some people peel away the outer leaves, as they tend to be tougher and more bitter than inner leaves. The leaves can actually be harvested anytime in a ?cut- and-come-again? fashion; this is particularly good when seeds are planted too late in spring, and warm weather is approaching quickly, threatening to cause plants to bolt.
Artist: Donna Clement